عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The current age is, undoubtedly, the age of great transformations, rapid developments and extreme dynamism. The effects of such radical changes are evident in the constant shifting of technology, material culture, ecosystems and even moral attitudes. One particularly striking outcome of this situation is the number of languages which will simply cease to be spoken. This phenomenon- language death - and the factors and conditions which give rise to it, are briefly discussed in the first section of the present article, followed by a review of literature on the subject.
Our country, Iran, with a long history and tradition, enjoys various ethnic groups, each of which has its own native language. In recent years, the above-mentioned condition put these languages in the danger of extinction. The major part of this article reports the findings of several field studies on the use and social status of local languages in Iran and the speakers’ attitudes toward their mother tongue. The final section of the article includes some suggestions to improve the existing situation in order to maintain endangered languages of Iran.